The Sorrow and the Pity

Durerea și mila

93 films in 19 categories
Marcel Ophüls
France, Switzerland, West Germany
263 Min.

Photo Film


Ian Buruma's Landmark Documentaries


German, French, English


Romanian, English

Original Title

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Le chagrin et la pitié


• 17 March, 15:30, Cinema Elvire Popesco

The film will be screened in the presence of: Ian Buruma, Adrian Cioflâncă, Radu Jude

Ian Buruma
Ian Buruma (b. December 28, 1951, the Hague) is an award-winning journalist, historian and writer, as well as a professor of Human Rights and Journalism at Bard College.  Nephew of British filmmaker John Schlesinger, he was educated in Holland and Japan, where he studied Chinese literature and Japanese cinema. In the 1980s, he worked as a journalist, and spent much of his early writing career traveling and reporting from all over Asia. Buruma now writes about a broad range of political and cultural subjects for major publications, most frequently for the New York Review of Books, the New Yorker, the New York Times, Corriere della Sera, and NRC Handelsblad. He is the author of more than a dozen books and also the recipient of Holland's prestigious Erasmus Prize.
Adrian Cioflâncă
Adrian Cioflâncă is a historian. Director of the Center for the Study of Jewish History in Romania and a member of the Collegium of the National Council for the Study of the Securitate Archives. Researcher with the „A. D. Xenopol” Institute of History (belonging to the Romanian Academy). He was a member of the International Commission on the Holocaust in Romania (2003-2004) and expert in The Presidential Commission for the Analysis of the Communist Dictatorship in Romania (2006), co-author of the Final Reports of the two commissions. Since 2005, he is a member of the Romanian Delegation to the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (former Holocaust Task Force for International Cooperation on Holocaust Education, Remembrance and Research). Tziporah Wiesel Fellow of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington (2009). Between 2010-2012, he was director of department in The Institute for the Investigation of the Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile. Adrian Cioflâncă edited, in collaboration, seven volumes; the last one: "Recent History Otherwise. Cultural Perspectives", Andi Mihalache, Adrian Cioflâncă (eds.), Iaşi, Editura Universităţii „Al. I Cuza”, 2013. He also authored studies in fields like "The History of the Holocaust", "History of communism", "Political violence", "Cultural history", "The theory of history".
Radu Jude
Radu Jude graduated from Universitatea Media in 2003. After being assistant director to films such as "The Death of Mr. Lăzărescu" (Cristi Puiu) or "The Rage" (Radu Muntean), his short film "The Tube with a Hat" (2007) was awarded in various international film festivals. His first feature films were The "Happiest Girl in the World" (2009), for fiction, and "The Dead Nation" (2017), for documentary. In 2016 he also debuted as a theatre director in an adaptation of Bergman.


“Workers have always put up more of a fight. But the bourgeoisie were scared. They had plenty more to lose.”, professes an old man in ”The Sorrow and the Pity,” Marcel Ophüls’ documentary about France’s collaborationist past during World War II. Composed of present-day interviews and archive footage from newsreels and propaganda movies, and originally made for television in 1969, Ophüls’ film was banned by Gaullist censors, who feared it would shatter the myth of France’s patriotic resistance against the Nazis. The country’s portrayal under Nazi occupation is often times comical and terrifying. The old collaborationists struggle to justify their past choices with nervous gestures and flimsy explanations, while the ex-members of the French Resistance have learned, in time, to bury their anger towards the collaborationists. “The Sorrow and the Pity” is a complex and striking image of a subdued country, still in denial over its own choices twenty years after the war had ended. (Raluca Durbacă)

awards and festivals

Premiile Oscar 1971 – nominalizare pentru „Cel Mai bun documentar”

Georges Sadoul Award 1970

Premiile BAFTA

Festivalul Internațional de Film de la Rotterdam




Tickets: Eventbook
Logistic partner: DHL
Digital Partner: Canopy
Monitoring partner: mediaTRUST
The festival was created in 2008 by the: Czech Centre Bucharest